Every student receives 476 hours of Bedside Teaching (Unterricht am Krankenbett - UaK) in the course of medical studies. Thus, the UaK is the central training element in the practice modules. In order to develop clinical expertise, students work with experienced physicians on a case-by-case basis to gain knowledge about the development, diagnosis, symptoms and treatment of diseases. The guidance and feedback of the physicians are indispensable for the students' growth in knowledge and learning success.
Bedside Teaching with Demonstration and Bedside Teaching with Examination
The UaK is divided into the "Bedside Teaching with Demonstration" and the "Bedside Teaching with Examination".
In the Bedside Teaching with Demonstration, a group of maximum six students accompanies a physician on the ward, e.g. also during the daily rounds. The physician explains the patient case in advance and demonstrates and comments on the medical findings in the patient's room. The experienced physicians act as role models in dealing and communicating with the patients.
In the Bedside Teaching with Examination, the students themselves work on patients in groups of no more than three under medical supervision. On the basis of actual patient cases, they work out and reflect on the diagnostic, differential diagnostic and therapeutic procedure in relation to the case and practice the practical skills they have acquired so far. In the third year of study, the focus is primarily on anamnesis and physical examination. From the fourth year onwards, the focus is more on differential diagnosis and therapy.
This is followed by a debriefing and joint reflection on the respective patient cases. This gives the students the opportunity to ask professional questions and to take another look at what they have learned.
In the UaK, students not only build on the practical skills acquired in the Clinical Training Course and the Practitioner Internships, but also learn to understand the patient and the theoretical background to the clinical picture in a coherent way - for example, the integration of practice and theory takes place through the patient contact accompanied by a doctor.