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Critical Situations in Medical Care and Emergencies

As part of this combined module, we look at perioperative medicine with its areas of anesthesia, intensive care and pain medicine. In addition, the professional handling of situations such as "acute emergency", "care of patients with life-limiting illnesses", "dying and death of a person" or "care of victims of violence" also plays an important role. The content of the module comes from the subjects of anesthesiology, emergency medicine, pain medicine, palliative medicine, pharmacology and toxicology, human genetics and forensic medicine.

During the lectures accompanying the module, the theoretical background of pharmacological, physiological and subject-specific interrelationships in the context of anesthesiology, intensive care, pain therapy, emergency and palliative medicine as well as forensic medicine will be taught. Through the seminars of the theory module, practical action and therapy strategies can be learned in small groups based on the practical implementation of concrete case simulations, which serve as preparation for typical emergency medical clinical pictures including resuscitation situations in later professional life. The ECG course also provides a structure for systematic analysis of an ECG evaluation. Furthermore, the basic aspects of clinical forensic medicine, forensic traumatology, as well as thanatology, which are relevant for the general medical profession, are presented. Core contents are the different forms of violence and their consequences, especially with regard to the morphology of typical injuries. In lectures, e-lectures and instructional videos, theoretical background knowledge on the above-mentioned topics is taught, and this is deepened in seminars with practical references. Finally, we open up the possibility to learn "on the case" skills of diagnosis and documentation, as well as post-mortem examinations in a practical way.

In addition to symptom control, the palliative medicine events teach the basics of communication in difficult situations with patients and their relatives. The theoretical knowledge can be put into practice with acting patients. The care structures for palliative patients and ethical issues are demonstrated and discussed. The classroom sessions are complemented by an extensive e-learning program.

During the practical module Bedside Teaching in the operating room, the  intensive care unit, as well as in the pain outpatient clinic or palliative care unit we enable students to deal with specific anesthesiological and pain therapy procedures, aspects of airway management, airway and circulation monitoring, specific ventilation procedures, physiological homeostasis, and symptom control in a practice-oriented manner using concrete patient cases. Within this framework, the opportunity is to be created to perform individual procedures independently under medical supervision. During the tutorials, individual interest-related aspects of the topic module can be deepened and reflected upon again in a small learning group under medical guidance.

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